Total PLCg1 Cellular Kit HTRF®

The Total PLCg1 kit is designed to monitor the expression level of cellular PLCg1 (Phospholipase C), and can be used as a normalization assay for the Phospho-PLCg1 (Tyr783) kit.


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  • No-wash No-wash
  • High sensitivity High sensitivity
  • All inclusive kit All inclusive kit
  • Highly specific Highly specific

The Total PLCg1 kit is designed to monitor the expression level of cellular PLCg1 (Phospholipase C), and can be used as a normalization assay for the Phospho-PLCg1 (Tyr783) kit.


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Overview

This HTRF cell-based assay conveniently and accurately detects phosphorylated PLCg1 at Tyr783. ​​​​​​​

PLCg1 (Phospholipase C gamma 1) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase which plays a crucial role in signal transduction. Upon cell stimulation, PLCg1 interacts with tyrosine kinase receptor and others, like T cell receptors, leading to the activation by phosphorylation of its catalytic domain at Ty783.

PLCG1 activation has a critical role in he spreading of breast cancer, and is a potential target for many other diseases.

Benefits

  • SPECIFICITY
  • PRECISION

Total-PLCg1 assay principle

The Total PLCg1 assay quantifies the expression level of PLCg1 in a cell lysate. Unlike Western Blot, the assay is entirely plate-based and does not require gels, electrophoresis, or transfer. The Total-PLCg1 assay uses two labeled antibodies, one coupled to a donor fluorophore and the other to an acceptor. Both antibodies are highly specific for a distinct epitope on the protein. In the presence of PLCg1 in a cell extract, the addition of these conjugates brings the donor fluorophore into close proximity with the acceptor and thereby generates a FRET signal. Its intensity is directly proportional to the concentration of the protein present in the sample, and provides a means of assessing the protein's expression under a no-wash assay format.

Principle of the HTRF total PLCg1 assay

Total-PLCg1 two-plate assay protocol

The two-plate protocol involves culturing cells in a 96-well plate before lysis, then transferring lysates to a 384-well low volume detection plate before the addition of Total-PLCg1 HTRF detection reagents. This protocol enables the cells' viability and confluence to be monitored.

Two-plate protocol of the HTRF total PLCg1 assay

Total-PLCg1 one-plate assay protocol

Detection of Total PLCg1 with HTRF reagents can be performed in a single plate used for culturing, stimulation, and lysis. No washing steps are required. This HTS designed protocol enables miniaturization while maintaining robust HTRF quality.


One-plate protocol of the HTRF total PLCg1 assay

PLCg1 activation in anti-CD3-stimulated Jurkat T cells

The human Jurkat T cell line  was seeded in a half area 96-well culture-treated plate at 200,000 cells/well in 25 µL of complete culture medium. After a 3 hour incubation  at 37 °C, 5% CO2, cells were stimulated with 5 µL of increasing concentrations of an CD3 antibody for 2 minutes, and then lyzed with 10 µL of supplemented lysis buffer #3 (4X) for 30 minutes at RT under gentle shaking. For the detection step, 16 µL of cell lysate were transferred into a 384-well low volume white microplate, and 4 µL of the HTRF Phospho-PLCg1 (Tyr783) or Total-PLCg1 detection reagents were added. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.

The anti-CD3 antibody induced a dose-dependent increase in PLCg1 phosphorylation at Tyr783 without changing the expression level of the protein, demonstrating the activation of the TCR complex at the cell surface.

Validation of PLCg1 kits on Jurkat cells

PLCg1 activation in EGF-stimulated A431 cells

The human A431 cell line was seeded in a 96-well culture-treated plate at 50,000 cells/well in 50 µL of complete culture medium. After overnight incubation  at 37 °C, 5% CO2, cells were stimulated with 50 µL of increasing concentrations of EGF for 5 minutes. After 30 minutes of lysis incubation, phosphorylated and Total PLCg1 were measured using the two-plate assay protocol. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.

The EGF induced a dose-dependent increase in PLCg1 phosphorylation at Tyr783 without changing the expression level of the protein, demonstrating the activation of tyrosine kinase receptor EGFR at the cell surface.

Validation of HTRF PLCg1 kits on A431 cells

PLCg1 activation in PDGF-BB stimulated NIH-3T3 cells

The mouse NIH-3T3 cell line was seeded in a 96-well culture-treated plate at 100,000 cells/well in 50 µL of complete culture medium. After overnight incubation  at 37 °C, 5% CO2, cells were stimulated with 50 µL of increasing concentrations of PDGFR-BB for 30 minutes.

After 30 minutes of lysis incubation, phosphorylated and Total PLCg1 were measured using the two-plate assay protocol. The HTRF signal was recorded after an overnight incubation.

The PDGFR-BB induced a dose-dependent increase in PLCg1 phosphorylation at Tyr783 without changing the expression level of the protein, demonstrating the activation of tyrosine kinase receptor PDGFR at the cell surface.

Validation of HTRF PLCg1 kits on NIH-3T3 cells

HTRF phospho-PLCg1 (Tyr783) assay compared to Western Blot

The human Jurkat T cell line was cultured in a T175 flask in complete culture medium for 48h at 37 °C, 5% CO2. After centrifugation, pelleted cells were stimulated with 5 µg/mL of an anti-CD3 antibody for 2 minutes. Then lysis buffer #3 (2X) was added for 30 minutes at RT under gentle shaking.

Serial dilutions of the cell lysate were performed using supplemented lysis buffer, and 16 µL of each dilution were transferred into a low volume white microplate before the addition of 4 µL of HTRF total-PLCg1 detection reagents. Equal amounts of lysates were used for a side by side comparison between HTRF and Western Blot.

Using the HTRF total-PLCg1 assay, 1,000 cells/well were enough to detect a significant signal, while 8,000 cells were needed to obtain a minimal chemiluminescent signal using Western Blot. Therefore in these conditions, the HTRF phospho-PLCg1 assay was 8 times more sensitive than the Western Blot technique.

Comparison of HTRF phospho-PLCg1 (tyr783) kit with western blot

Simplified pathway of PLCg1 signaling

PLCg1 (Phospholipase C gamma 1) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase which plays a crucial role in the signal transduction of receptor or non-receptor tyrosine kinase.

Upon the stimulation of  T cells, Src family proteins phosphorylate immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) on the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR). The phosphorylated ITAMs recruit ZAP-70 and SLP-76 which bind to PLCg1, leading to the activation by phosphorylation of its Tyr783 catalytic domain.

Alternatively, the activation of receptor tyosine kinases triggers PLCg1 membrane recruitment through the binding of its N-terminal SH2 domain, which induces PLCg1 phosphorylation at Ty 783.

PLCg1 signaling pathway

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