Description of various HTRF COT assay formats: peptide vs. proteins, direct vs. cascade
Description of various HTRF COT assay formats: peptide vs. proteins, direct vs. cascade (study by Abbott Bioresearch) .
Cancer osaka thyroid (COT) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase family of enzymes and plays a pivotal role in tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in macrophages. Consequently, COT is considered to be a promising target for antiinflammatory drug discovery. We describe here the development of in vitro COT assays in several formats and the advantages and disadvantages of each. A cascade assay requires very small amounts of enzyme and can provide a useful tool for high-throughput screening, but it is not desirable for compound mechanistic studies due to complicated kinetics. Direct assays are superior to cascade assays and are suitable for both compound screening and mechanistic studies. Among the direct assays, the homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence (HTRF) format is preferred over the radiometric format due to the robustness, throughput, and ease of use of the HTRF format. When the physiological protein substrate MEK1 (MAP/Erk kinase 1) was used to determine inhibitor potencies, false positives were observed due to compound interference by binding to MEK1. Using a MEK1 peptide substrate, these false positives were eliminated. In addition, we describe a simple method to study the ATP competitiveness of compounds. The knowledge gained through our studies with COT, and the methods described for our assays and compound mechanistic studies, can be readily applied to other kinase targets.
Anal Biochem. 2006;350(2):268-76.